On Bloody Thursday, May 15, 1969, tear gas was used to disperse the crowd at Dwight Way and Telegraph a few minutes before Alameda County deputies came down the street with their shotguns. Photo: Kathryn Bigelow


by Carol Denney

The land now known as People’s Park in Berkeley was landmarked in 1984. And it is no accident that almost nobody knows why. It took decades for the University of California to stop calling it “the block of land between Bowditch, Dwight, Haste, and Telegraph” in legal documents.
That particular block of scruffy, low-income housing had been a concern for the university even in the 1950s. The mostly student population on the southside of the UC campus made the area known, along with San Francisco, as a mecca for poetry, rock and roll, and new forms of expression, including unconventional sexuality.
The meeting minutes of University of California officials of the time are comic with concerns about the free-wheeling culture and its potential danger to the university, which wanted to quash it and have a more bland, dignified campus like Harvard, Yale or Stanford.
The University of California acquired the land through a dubious use of eminent domain, stating they needed it for dorms, offices, and sports courts; claims so vague and poorly founded that they made no sense to the UC regents, who wouldn’t vote them any funds for development. The bulldozed, rebar-and-broken-glass-ridden block sat as a fenced-off nuisance for awhile, and then was transformed into a park by motivated neighbors.
And UC officials have never stopped being annoyed at how their plans to quell the radical politics and culture on southside backfired. The university’s new chancellor has spent decades on committees promoting push polls trying to cobble together support for another assault on the park and its status as a global symbol of freedom, resistance, and the common sense of user-development.
People’s Park is a political punching bag: a joke to some, hallowed ground to others. Finding it on a list of ten proposed sites for student housing is nothing new, just a familiar call to those of us who remember seeing greats like Robert Hunter, songwriter for the Grateful Dead, singing from the stage, or who’ve spent years tending the garden and teaching the children.
Those who defend the park and its principles don’t look like much to the university. We’re lawyers and teachers, copy store workers and parents, musicians and artists, and always a fresh ratio of students.

Protesters face rifles and bayonets during the battle for People’s Park in Berkeley. James Rector was killed, Alan Blanchard was blinded and many were wounded. Photo by Dick Corten. See more photos at the People’s Park website: http://www.peoplespark.org

If the university elects to try to destroy our landmark we’ll be there as best we can; singing in circles, going to meetings, writing letters, sitting in, going to jail, bringing our poetry and song to the university’s strangely repetitious war on culture.
But as a community, let’s do together the thing we always try to do first: insist that those who would destroy the park come and dance there, learn the history there, participate in the programs and traditions which make this park the distinctive landmark it is.
All of Berkeley’s parks suffer from the obvious results of the housing crisis, and the criticism that People’s Park is “unwelcoming” could be leveled at any of our parks in a community where policies and politics are often hijacked by those who can’t seem to share the streets or parks comfortably with the poor.
But there are ten sites available, according to the university’s own list, on which to situate more housing. People’s Park strikes most of us as an odd choice given this lengthy list, and given the serious community turmoil, loss of business, and even loss of life the struggles over the park have engendered in the past.
There are nine other sites the City of Berkeley and the University of California can use to situate more housing if housing is the honest goal here.
This year, a new UC chancellor and a new Berkeley mayor have an opportunity to either re-ignite the war on tie-dye — or try something new. They have the opportunity to honor the Free Speech Movement and the park it played a role in building, by working cooperatively to honor our landmark and our history by choosing one of the other nine sites for development.
There is, after all, a saying about doing the same thing over and over and expecting different results.